First-Aid Tips – The simple art of CPR
First-Aid Tips and its know-how is a must for everyone; we all agree that emergencies can prop up anywhere and time. There is no denying the importance of having the technical know-how to handle emergencies that may come up in order to save a life.
What do you do to keep the next person alive till the professionals arrive if you ever are in such situation?
We will concentrate on just a few simple treatments in this series of First-aid tips everyone including you must have at hand for emergencies.
First-Aid Tips – The 4 Cs when approaching any emergency situation
One of the important First-Aid tips is to remember to:
- Check the situation to access how bad it is; inspect the environment to ensure any damage-causing factors are eliminated. This is important in protecting both you and the victim from further danger. Then access the extent of damage on the victim. All these can be done in under the 30s – 1min. So keep in mind that in life-saving, you have to be as fast and quick as safely possible.
- Call for help verbally by shouting out and/or call the emergency helpline if you have the opportunity to. Engage the victim in order to keep them conscious by asking their names and other relevant information.
- Care immediately as you call out for help by administering the necessary first aid skills for that situation. You may engage the victim to ascertain where they have the most pain. This way, you will limit further damage from moving them unnecessarily.
- Complete your administration of care. Ensure the victim is breathing and in a position to be safely moved for further care.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
We all have seen this done as one of the most vital first-aid tips and skills at one point or the other either in movies or at an accident scene. This means CPR skills should not be underrated at any time in saving a life. CPR aims to keep oxygen and blood flowing through the body when a person’s breathing and/or heart may have stopped.
The administration is a simple and effective step anyone can use anytime with the right knowledge and practice.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is typically administered when a person collapses and/or stops breathing. Compressions carried out in the first few minutes of non-breathing unresponsiveness can send the oxygen still within the lungs and bloodstream of the person to the brain.
CPR involves squeezing the chest to push the oxygen in the heart and lungs to the brain while clearing the airway in order to allow (new) air and blood to flow.
For someone who is merely having difficulty breathing, you may use the described steps below with just 30 compressions.
First, quickly place the back of your hand or cheek to the nose or mouth of the person to check for any sign of breath; then proceed with the following Simple outlined steps below to effectively administer CPR and resuscitate:
1. Hand Placement and Positions
1a. Adults – Put one hand on the other and Interlock fingers so they’re raised up while the heel of the hand remains on the chest. Place the heel of interlocked hands at the center of the chest, between the nipples.
1b. Children – Use only one hand in the center of the chest for children aged 1-8 years
1c. Infants – Just below then nipple line, place only two fingers in the center of the chest.
For children and infants, ensure safe practice.
2. Chest Compressions
2a. Adults – Raising the upper body upright with interlocked fingers placed on the chest, push on the chest at a minimum depth of 2 inches. Compress fast and steadily while allowing for chest recoil between each compressions. Keep count that you have up to 100 and 120 compressions in one minute.
2b. Children 1-8 yrs – Compress 100 – 120 times at a depth of 2 inches on the chest and ensure there is chest recoil between every compressions.
2c. Infant – You can also place the child on your things with one hand supporting the head with two fingers of the second hand correctly positioned and pushed at just 1½ depth on the chest. A rate of 100-120 compressions is necessary and remember to allow for chest recoil between each compressions.
It is normal and even necessary to repeat and continue these compressions cycle till the person is breathing and professional help arrives.
3. Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation
After the compressions, quickly use your palm to tilt the person’s forehead back and lift the chin forward with the second hand.
A head tilt alone typically opens the airway in children and infants.
Next, pinch the nostrils close and make a seal over the the person’s mouth by covering it with a CPR mask (sold in pharmacies and stores). And in the absence of a mask, use your mouth over the person’s and give Two (2) breaths that last 1 second each.
For infants, use the CPR mask or mouth to cover both the nose and mouth.
Proceed with the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if there is no indication of a breath or a rise in the chest region.
Better yet, go ahead to repeat the process with a ’30 compressions, two rescue breaths’ cycle until you get a response.